Coming Fall Get details. When you quote another writer's words, it's best to introduce or contextualize the quote. Shown below are some possible ways to introduce quotations. The examples use MLA format. Note that the first letter after the quotation marks should be upper case. According to MLA guidelines, if you change the case of a letter from the original, you must indicate this with brackets.
APA format doesn't require brackets. Avoid using says unless the words were originally spoken aloud, for instance, during an interview. Suggested ways to introduce quotations When you quote another writer's words, it's best to introduce or contextualize the quote.
You can use a full sentence followed by a colon to introduce a quotation. Examples: The setting emphasizes deception: "Nothing is as it appears" Smith 1. Piercy ends the poem on an ironic note: "To every woman a happy ending" You can also begin a sentence with your own words, then complete it with quoted words.
Examples: Hamlet's task is to avenge a "foul and most unnatural murder" Shakespeare To quote a critic or researcher, you can use an introductory phrase naming the source, followed by a comma. Examples: According to Smith, "[W]riting is fun" In Smith's words, ".
When You Might Need to Cite a Poem
In Smith's view, ". I'm not sure I even had another cookie. Click here to view an example of the body of a properly formatted MLA essay. There are occasions when all pertinent information is included in the attributive phrase.
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In these cases, a parenthetical citation is not needed. There will be times when all the information for a citation is not available--for example, websites do not always list dates and usually do not include page numbers, sources are sometimes published without authors, and so on. If you cannot obtain all the required information on a source, provide as much information as you can in order to allow readers to find your source.
Here are some more specific requirements with respect to the punctuation Marks such as such as a comma , , period. MLA style requires a works cited page to list the sources at the end of the work. Here are the guidelines for formatting works cited pages. Morrison, Toni. Beloved: A Novel. New York: Alfred A. The Bluest Eye. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. You will encounter various situations over the course of your academic career in which you will be required to provide work with properly cited references.
For example, imagine that your literature instructor assigns an essay requiring evidentiary sources Specific media, such as journal articles, newspapers, and research studies that provide the support for claims or viewpoints expressed in an essay and help convince readers that an argument has merit.
MLA Guide for Quoting Shakespeare
Evidentiary sources may provide facts and statistics, expert opinions, or anecdotal evidence. This will require you to research and compile a list of citations for your sources. As you are writing, you will incorporate in-text citations into your essay. Another scenario in which you will need to provide in-text citations and a works cited page is when you are asked to write an essay to support your findings in a science lab. While this essay should be based upon your own experiential evidence in the lab, you will need to do research to provide additional support for your findings.
Any time you use the ideas A thought, opinion, or impression. Theories incorporate facts, observations, experiments, laws, and careful reasoning. In more general usage, theory may merely mean an unproven idea, speculation, or guesswork. Be sure to check with your instructors regarding what style they prefer for formatting any essay you are assigned. This section provides five examples demonstrating incorrect punctuation and format for in-text citations in MLA style.
As you read, notice the errors and how they should be corrected.relomiscede.gq
Suggested ways to introduce quotations
The error in the above example is repeating the author's name in the in-text citation. When the author's name is included in attributive phrase, it doesn't need to be repeated in the in-text citation. Correction: Wright argues that Shakespeare's comedies are in fact "more tragic than his tragedies" There are two errors. First, the author's name should not be included in the in-text citation when it has already been stated in the attributive phrase.
Second, the formatting of the in-text citation is incorrect. The period should come after the page number outside the right parenthesis mark. The in-text citation is part of the sentence, so the period should be placed after it. Correction: According to Wright, Shakespeare's comedies should be characterized as "more tragic than his tragedies" The errors in this example are that the author's name is repeated in the in-text citation, the page number is missing, and the year of publication is needlessly included.
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Correction: According to Jesperson, Dr. Master's research about levels of exercise and aggression in dogs is "unsubstantiated" There are three errors in the above example. First, the writer has incorporated the title of the publication into the in-text citation. While that must be included in the works cited page, the title of the publication is not part of the in-text citation. Second, there is no need to precede the page number by the word "page. Correction: Jesperson wrote, "Dr.
Master's research around dogs and how certain breeds need more walking and running or they will become aggressive is unsubstantiated" There are two errors in this final example. The first is that the title of the book is both italicized and underlined. It should only be italicized. The second is the absence of a page number.
When the page number necessary for a reader to find a particular quote is not part of the attributive phrase, it must be included in the in-text citation. Correction: In Saving Money and Time , Brandle makes a convincing argument that we should "stop wasting our resources on living longer and just start living more" In this exercise, practice looking for formatting errors in an essay.
Click here to view an incorrectly formatted MLA sample essay.
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Notice the errors in the essay and the works cited page and their explanations that follow. Now, click here to view the example with the mistakes corrected. This section provides five examples of in-text citations in MLA style. Now it's your turn to determine if the examples have been properly punctuated and formatted.
MLA Formatting Quotations // Purdue Writing Lab
Identify the errors, if any, and correct the in-text citation accordingly. What errors if any does this in-text citation contain? Write the corrected in-text citation if necessary. This example unnecessarily includes an in-text citation and is incorrectly punctuated. When all relevant information is included in the attributive phrase, an in-text citation is not used. Correction: On page 33 of "The Short Story as Told by Ronald Abbott," Kendricks argues that the success of Abbott's writing can be attributed to the average reader's ability to "relate" to it.
The errors in this example are the word "page" and the date, which are incorrectly included in the in-text citation; also, there is an extra period after "student.
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